CHILDHOOD AND DEMOCRACY: THE EXERCISE OF POLITICAL RIGHTS BY CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS

Is democracy good for children or are children good for democracy? Until recently, the prevailing understanding was that the democratic regime would benefit children, but it was not considered that children could actively participate in democracy and contribute to public deliberations. The doctrine of integral protection and the deliberative and substantial perspective of democracy underlie the need to guarantee the effective participation of children in public debate. The expansion of institutional and non-institutional spaces of collective decision for children means recognizing the maximum amplitude of the democratic principle, according to the design given by the Brazilian constitution. Therefore, some actions seem to have the potential to promote the insertion of children and adolescents in public life.