The paper examines judicial independence in the context of Georgia’s obligations under the association agreement with the European Union towards promotion of the rule of law and independence of the judiciary. The article deals with the main Challenges of judicial independence in Georgia. According to the last legislative changes, the right to appoint judges was given to the High Council of Justice and for the first time judges were appointed for a lifetime. The parliament of elected a majority of the judges of the Supreme Court by a single-party majority and gained influence over the court, though most of appointed judges failed to meet the minimum requirements. The article discusses the selection of judges, the composition of the Council of Justice, the decision procedure and the disputes before the Constitutional Court. The article discusses the changes to the Constitutional Court, abolishment of a formal constitutional control and restriction of other powers, etc.