CAN CONSTITUTIONAL JUSTICE BE A REMEDY FOR DEMOCRATIC PATHOLOGIES?: ANALYSIS OF CONSTITUTIONAL JURISPRUDENCE IN ECUADOR

According to the Ecuadorian Constitution, democracy is built on political representation, citizen participation and community self-determination. In reality, the concentration of political power in the Executive, the selective and even manipulative use of the mechanisms of direct democracy and the systematic disregard of collective rights, entail structural obstacles for Ecuadorian democracy. The democratic commitment of the Constitutional Court, in this context, can be crucial to redefine political action and remedy the problems noted. Through the systematic analysis of recent jurisprudence issued by the Constitutional Court (2019-2022), this paper aims to account for the responses that constitutional justice has given to various pathologies that threaten democracy in Ecuador.