Building (populist) constitutionalism on post-communist grounds – Hungary

Hungarian constitutionalism is inseparable from the reconstitution of the political community in response to the communist past. After the so called “1989 constitution”, words of the Fundamental Law show that the political power of Orbán and the two thirds majority in the National Assembly aimed at creating a regime that is formulated against the past in a different manner as it was done between 1990 and 2010. While Hungarian constitutionalism has always been substantially based on the condemnation of the past legal and political order, many of the foundational institutions remained similar in structure, lustration acts were not implemented and some administrative practices and attitudes remained similar. After 2010, Hungarian populist constitutionalism created a centralized political space, following the concept of “central arena of power”. This is a familiar approach to exercise power in Hungary, and the means of influence are equally familiar in certain cases to many citizens.