2020 marks 19 years that Zimbabwe is under sanctions both political and economic from the US government and the European Union. There are two narratives about sanctions in Zimbabwe. The first comes from the Zimbabwe government that sanctions come about as a result of frustrated correctional land redistribution. The second narrative comes from the West, that they are no sanctions in Zimbabwe but targeted travel restrictions on specific individuals and companies who impede on democracy, human rights and the rule of law. The African Union (AU) and Southern African Development Community (SADC) have been in the mix trying first to be mediating the relations of US and EU to lift sanctions on Zimbabwe and suddenly demanding that sanctions be removed. Using the Third World Approach to International Law, this paper aims to critically analyse if AU and SADC intervention has been effective in creating trust amongst Zimbabweans in improving relations with US government and the European Union.
Our 2020 Annual Conference was scheduled to be held at the University of Wrocław in Poland on July 9-11, 2020.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the ICON·S Executive Committee has decided to postpone our 2020 Conference to 2021. Our next Annual Conference will take place from July 8-10, 2021, in Wrocław, Poland.
Procedural details regarding the organization of the 2021 Conference will follow in the months ahead.Join ICON•S