Blasphemy in the context of the freedom of expression according to International human rights law standards

The author analyzes the balance between freedom of expression and protection of religious sentiment from the perspective of international law. As a specific form of freedom of expression which prevails over the absolute protection of religious sentiment, the freedom of blasphemy emerged as a feature of western culture in pluralistic and secularized societies. However, the growing presence of different religious minorities in western societies poses new challenges, making it possible to strike a new balance between freedom of expression and the protection of religious belief, even as a result of the fragmentation of the system of legal sources and the unity of international law, of the problems of interpretation that characterize the multilevel protection of rights, and the issues of fundamental rights in the world of information technologies.