On 12th February 2020, the European Parliament (EP) adopted a non-legislative Resolution (P9_TA-PROV(2020)0029, the Resolution) on the Draft Council Decision on the conclusion, on behalf of the Union, of the Investment Protection Agreement between the European Union and its Member States and the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam. That Resolution include a series of “human rights obstacles” to the effective implementation of the agreement. Furthermore, it must be included into the more ample Partnership between EU and Vietnam. The present proposal aims, inter alia, to analyze the nature of those human rights limits listed into such a resolution of the parliament and their effective impact on the economic relationships between EU and Vietnam. In particular, it will try to reflect about their nature, accountability mechanisms in case of violations, subjects obliged by them.