ARMED FORCES, BOLSONARO AND THE BRAZILIAN SUPREME COURT: THE ENLARGEMENT OF MILITARY JURISDICTION OVER CIVILIANS AND ITS CONSEQUENCES FOR HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEMOCRACY IN BRAZIL

The paper analyzes the increasing imbalance of civil-military relations in Brazil through the involvement of the Armed Forces in law-enforcement activities and in politics in recent years. It demonstrates that this process was followed by the construction and expansion of a legal framework aimed at legitimizing these activities, including the enlargement of military jurisdiction to decide cases involving civilians. It argues that this phenomenon occurs before the silences of institutions such as the Brazilian Supreme Court. The serious human rights consequences of these measures are exemplified by the case of the 2017 Salgueiro slaughter (“Chacina do Salgueiro”) in Rio de Janeiro.