Anti-Impunity and Transitional Justice in Asia: Mechanisms and Their Contexts

The process of seeking justice has become a global trend in recent years. However, in comparison to other regions, the culture of impunity has been deemed as a major obstacle to most Asian countries for a long time. Influenced by local or transnational contexts, few Asian countries adopted criminal sanctions to address the issues of responsibility. For example, South Korea adopted the domestic trial to deal with the criminal responsibility of former Presidents. East Timor and Cambodia, under international interference, established the hybrid international criminal tribunals to prosecute the perpetrators. In addition, Taiwan has recently a discussion on the ways to prosecute wrongdoers of the previous authoritarian regime. Against this backdrop, this paper aims to address the features and challenges of these criminal mechanisms have and identify the driving forces that encourage or constrain those Asian countries to deal with the issues of the responsibility of transitional justice.