An intellecual history of Italian regionalism

I will retrace the intellectual history of Italian regionalism, with particular emphasis on the regional model that emerged with the 1948 Constitution and on the 2001 reform of Title V and subsequent amendments.
As the term suggests, regionalism as a feature of the Italian constitutional edifice is premised on the idea of regions as political and administrative centres of power and as a compromise between federalism and centralism. Although Italian regionalism is ingrained in the 1948 Constitution, the regional state did not emerge in a vacuum, as debates on regionalism started well before then, and were particularly lively at the time of the Italian unification in 1861.