American Lessons: The Covid19 Pandemic and the US Supreme Court

Across the Atlantic, USA has been the hardest-hit country by the pandemic worldwide, in terms of cases and fatalities. Ever since the outbreak of the Covid19 pandemic in the US in March 2020, all US states have imposed strict measures to combat the pandemic. Such state measures have at times seriously restricted human rights, such as freedom of religion, freedom of movement, administration of elections and even prison housing. This paper attempts to look at how the US Supreme Court has responded to the pandemic and such measures over the past year through a selection of its cases, particularly whether it has favored several rights over others, as well as whether other factors – ie the change in the composition of the court or the 2020 Presidential Elections have influenced its judicial decisions. Overall, has the pandemic had an impact on judicial scrutiny and if so, how?