Agencies and MS cooperation in inspection tasks: do accountability regimes follow suit?

Ever growing policy sectors of the EU are managed through a system of composite administration, where different levels of government enter the process and share different competences. This does not only apply to regulatory tasks, but to enforcement powers, including inspections in highly relevant policy sectors, such as the EBU, fisheries, food law, competition, financial markets, antifraud and aviation safety. These can be directly conducted by the EU, or through various forms of cooperation with MS. Focusing on inspections conducted in a mixed fashion – where agencies and the ECB are involved together with national authorities – our aim is twofold: first, we highlight the different patterns of cooperation emerging between the different administrative levels involved in the inspection; second, we investigate what kind of political and judicial accountability mechanisms apply to each model, assessing which ones prove more fit for guaranteeing accountability for multi-level inspections.