Addressing the problem of enforced disappearances in the context of migration

Rigid migration policies of States cause a particular risk to migrants, enabling enforced disappearances. Although States have a sovereign prerogative to manage their borders and regulate migration, their national migration policies must be in full compliance with their international human rights and humanitarian law obligations to respect and protect all persons within their jurisdiction, irrespective of the migration status of the individuals. As contexts and environments of enforced disappearances evolve, this evolution requires continuous adjustment of the approach taken by International Human Rights monitoring bodies. How much trust and faith should we put in monitoring bodies, especially in the face of state actions to undermine monitoring or even facilitate forced disappearances? This paper examines strategies developed by both the UN Working Group on Enforced and Involuntary Disappearances and the Committee for the Protection of all Persons from Enforced Disappearances.