A Prequel to the Constitutional Review in China: the Rise of “Constitutional Supremacy” in the Confinement of the NPC System

The Chinese constitutional system is a unique mixture of the NPC regime and the norms of “constitutional supremacy”. The People’s Republic of China has been a state with “a written constitution” for decades; however, the idea of some kind of “the review of the consistency with the Constitution of legal documents” was brought into the domestic discourse in around 1980s and hardly become a spotlighted topic until the turning of the new century. The vibrant debate and cautious reform regarding constitutional review illustrated some intrinsic conflicts between the values of “constitutional supremacy” which comes mainly from overseas jurisdictions and the structure of the NPC regime that attributes principally to the “socialist-civil” law tradition.