A Conceptual Framework for “Nationality versus Residence,” or Representedness versus Affectedness

In a polity that embraces popular sovereignty and representative democracy, the people, acting through their representatives in the legislative assembly, are deemed to be the source of power. The exercise of power over people is legitimized by the fact that they are given the right to vote by their membership of the polity—the identification of the governor and the governed. This legitimacy structure has actually and quintessentially been assured by the nation state, a polity that is composed of a nation. Its membership, called nationality or citizenship, is usually required for the right to vote to be given. As a consequence, foreign residents who are not citizens are not qualified to be represented however affected they may be by political power of their state of residence. This discrepancy between representedness and affectedness gives a conceptual framework to our panels. My paper aims to give an overview of it and map out each of the following papers therein.