Our research project surveys all the constitution-making processes that took place in Latin America from 1917 to 2016 in order to determine their level of inclusiveness. A novel aspect of this study is that it distinguishes between two types of inclusiveness, procedural and effective, and therefore, it provides a more in-depth assessment of the degree of inclusiveness during the constitution-making processes. We found that although most constitution-making processes can be described as procedurally inclusive, only few of them met minimal democratic conditions; consequently, most constitution-making processes could not be described as effectively inclusive. On the other hand, we also identified a relationship between higher procedural inclusiveness and higher democratic conditions. Finally, both procedural inclusiveness and democratic conditions have gradually risen through the years, particularly in the last decades.
Our 2020 Annual Conference was scheduled to be held at the University of Wrocław in Poland on July 9-11, 2020.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, our next Annual Conference will take place from July 8-10, 2021. The conference, "ICON•S Mundo", will be held online. Details regarding the organization of the 2021 Conference will follow soon.Join ICON•S