1989-2022 Raiders of the Lost Trust. A Romanian Perspective

After the collapse of the totalitarian regime in 1989, Romania seemed to have chosen the path to a liberal democracy. At the declaratory level, the new regime decided to engage in this way, by firstly adopting a new Constitution, meant to enshrine the principles of democracy and rule of law. “Aversive constitutionalism” was a foundation of the new fundamental law, reflected in the choice of the constitutional regime and in other democratic mechanisms. One of the main goals of the new political regime, expressed during and after the adoption of the Constitution, was the European integration. The paper will discuss the main provisions of the Constitution designed to build the trust in democracy and rule of law, the contextual details and the role that the Constitution has developed in this regard during the last 30 years. Aspects related to the decline of trust in democracy during the Covid-19 pandemic and to the surge of extremist political factions in this context will be touched.